The draft of the law on adding amendments to the law on titles acquired by finishing high education defined more precisely the titles in English for holders of vocational and academic titles.
Assistant Minister of Education and Culture for high education Radmila Pejić said that instead of the previous “Bachelor of Applied” title, two titles were introduced- “Bachelor of Applied Science” and “Bachelor of Applied Arts”, and instead of the previous “Bachelor” title, “Bachelor of Science” and “Bachelor of Arts” were introduced and that the area in which the titles were awarded determined which of them would be prescribed.
“So, for example, “Bachelor of Applied Science” is awarded in the area of engineering and technology, natural sciences, medical sciences, and some fields of business- management, for example, while “Bachelor of Applied Arts” is awarded in the area of social sciences, humanistic sciences, health care and medicine, as well as some fields of art.”, said Pejić.
She also added that the acronym “BSc”, which had been prescribed for the “Bachelor” title, was not adequate for all areas of education, especially for vocational titles in the field of art.
“One of the most important reasons for enacting this law is defining and differentiating titles acquired in different disciplines of education- titles acquired after finishing three or four years of first cycle studies, as well as titles acquired in academic or vocational studies.”, said Pejić.
According to her words, introducing the discipline of education as referent for determining titles, not education fields, is also new.
“It has been prescribed that by finishing the first cycle of three-year academic studies, academic titles in the area of the corresponding discipline of education are acquired, and the number of ECTS points is also designated- for example, “lawyer”, “professor” and “engineer” - 180 ECTS points, while only after four-year academic studies, titles “graduate”, “graduate engineer”, “graduate professor” are awarded, with 240 corresponding ECTS points.
Pejić also added that the reason for differentiating between three-year and four-year titles was the difference regarding the amount of learning, as well as the keeping of the tradition of “graduate” title for four-year academic studies.
The reason for differentiating between “Professor” and “Engineer” from other titles is the fact that the words “professor” and “engineer” do not indicate the discipline of education but the kind of vocation, so it was necessary to prescribe them individually as marks positioned before the discipline of education, for example, “IT Engineer”- 180 ECTS points or “Professor of Biology”- 180 ECTS points, “Graduate Engineer of Architecture”- 240 ECTS points, “Graduate Chemistry Professor”- 240 ECTS points.
“The law also differentiates between vocational and academic titles; when it comes to the vocational, titles “Vocational” and “Vocational Engineer” are awarded in the corresponding discipline of education with the corresponding number of points, which are 180 ECTS and 240 ECTS” said Pejić.
She added that by the proposed amendments to the law on titles acquired after finishing high education studies, the introduction of vocational second cycle studies was planned in order to harmonize vocational high education of the Republic of Srpska with the system of vocational high education in the countries of the EU, that is, to solve the problem of accepting diplomas for vocational master studies acquired in any of the countries in the EU, as well as in the countries outside the EU which have vocational master studies.