The Government of Republic of Srpska held today its 72nd
regular session during which it approved the changes and amendments to three
laws with regard to preschool, primary and secondary education.
Proposed amendments to the Law on Preschool Education
prescribe that children without parental care and children with disabilities
will have preschool classes free of charge.
Minister of Education and Culture Natalija Trivić
stated that the money for free attendance of preschool institutions for
children with development difficulties and without parental care will be
provided from the budget of republic of Srpska and that it was a part of pro-natalist measures.
"In underdeveloped local communities where there
are no preschool institutions, schools for children with disabilities and institutions
of social care will perform preschool education within a special department or
organizational unit. We want to enable children in such local communities
to be able also to attend preschool education", Minister Trivić explained and added that the law also included a pre-school program which has been
implemented in previous years in cooperation with preschool institutions and
also offered the possibility that in places where there are no preschool
institutions, this program can take place in primary schools in order to
include as many children as possible.
As for the changes in the field of primary education,
Minister Trivić said it referred primarily to innovation of the curriculum and
the innovative approach to teaching and organization of teaching as envisaged
by the Action Plan for Education Reform.
"It was necessary to introduce new legal
provisions that primarily refer to organization of optional classes so that
children can choose between courses according to their interests and affinities
that they want to attend as part of the optional classes", Minister Trivić
The changes further prescribe the way how the inspection
of the employees in schools will be performed and it is planned to adopt a
rulebook on the textbook standards for primary and secondary schools to define the
textbook content and teaching outcomes.
Minister Trivić further said that proposed amendments
to the Law on Secondary Education referred to secondary vocational schools and definition
of secondary art schools to include music, ballet and art schools.
"We have prescribed that practical classes with
the employer will include up to 25 percent of the total practical classes and we
have also introduced the term project classes which differs from practical
classes. The term of art school was often too generalized and not specific
enough what it meant so we had to define the artistic occupations. We have therefore
introduced a new profession of culture and art", Minister Trivić said
adding that the possibility was given for students to enroll electronically.
Minister Trivić concluded by saying that it had been planned
that those draft laws would be sent to the National Assembly for consideration in a regular procedure. However, due to the situation caused by coronavirus epidemic, they will be enacted
following the urgent procedure of adoption which was necessary in order to proceed
with the Action Plan for Education Reform in September because otherwise a year
would be lost.